Glossary   3 comments

Words you may come across during your writing endeavor and their meanings.

Advance – Money a publisher pays a writer prior to the publication of a book, usually paid in installments.

Allegory Poem– A poem in which characters represent ideias such as Death, Courage, or Innocence.

Alliteration– When consonant sounds are repeated at the beginning of words.

Allusion– An indirect reference to something else.

Amend– To correct, change, or alter.

Anapest– A three syllable foot consisting of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable.

Anthology– A collection of selected writings by various authors.

Appeal– The request for a review by a higher court of a verdict or decision made by a lower court.

Assonance– The repetition of a vowel sound.

B & W– Black and white; refers to a photo or illustration.

Boilerplate – A standardized contract.

Book Trailer – A one- to three-minute audio/video production promoting a book.

Breach– A violation.

Byline– Name of the author appearing with the published piece.

Caesuras – Pauses in lines of poetry.

Case– A contested issue in a court of law.

Chapbook– A small book of about 24-50 pages. Generally used for poetry.

Circulation– The number of subscribers to a magazine/journal.

Civil Law– Law dealing with civil (private) matters, rather than criminal matters.

Consonance– The repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words. These don’t necessarily rhyme.

Content – Anything on your webpages that is not an advertisement.

Conversion – Turning a prospect into a customer.

Copy Editing Editing a manuscript for grammar, punctuation, printing style, and factual accuracy.

Counsel– A lawyer, attorney, or counselor. To counsel means to advise.

Couplet– A two line stanza.

Cover Letter A brief introductory letter accompanying a submission.

Cross-sell – Suggesting a related product or service to a customer who is considering a purchase.

Culpable– At fault; blamable; worthy of censure.

Customer – A person who has purchased something from you.

CV Curriculum Vita. A brief listing of qualifications and career accomplishments.

Dactyl– A three syllable foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables.

Decedent– A person who has died.

Defendant– A person sued in a civil proceeding or accused in a criminal proceeding.

Dimeter– A meter consisting of two feet.

Domain Name – Your website address.

DPI (Dots Per Inch) – A printing term that determines how sharp an image is. The higher the DPI, the sharper and larger the image is.

Duty– A legal obligation.

Enjambment– When there is no punctuation at the end of a line of poetry.

Exposition– an explanation of a subject; facts that you need your audience to know, but shouldn’t be given blatantly.

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions.

Graphics – Images.

Graphics Editor – A program that is used to create or alter images.

Hashtag – Using the # symbol before a word on a tweet to create an RSS feed on that word.

Hexameter– A meter consisting of six feet.

Hits – Hits include all files requested from a webpage. One page view may have 10-80 hits.

Home Page – The first page people see when they type in your url.

HonorariumA token payment for published work.

Host – The place where your website is located.

Hyperbole– An overstatement or exaggeration.

Iamb– A two syllable foot consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.

Internal Rhyme When there is a rhyme within lines rather than at the end of lines.

ISP (Internet Service Provider) – The company that connects you to the web via dial-up, broadband, DSL, etc.

Keywords – Words and phrases that are used by search engines to help determine how relevant your site is to a person searching for something.

Kill Fee– A fee for a complete article that was assigned and then cancelled.

Liability– Legal responsibility; an obligation to pay a debt.

Litigation– A lawsuit; a legal action; a suit.

Metaphor– An implicit comparison that doesn’t use “like” or “as”.

Mixed Metaphor– Joining two unrelated metaphors, usually resulting in illogical and confusing imagery.

Monometer– A meter consisting of one foot.

Onomatopoeia– When words actually sound like the things they represent. Ex. purr, buzz, bang, etc.

Organic Search – The list of search results by a search engine that are not paid advertising.

Page Views – The total number of pages viewed on your site for a given period of time.

PDF (Portable Document Format) – A file format created by Adobe. They are easy to download and maintain their layout despite what program is used to open them.

Pentameter– A meter consisting of five feet.

Personification– Giving life to an inanimate object.

Plaintiff– The party who is bringing a lawsuit against a defendant; the person or persons who are suing.

POD (Print on Demand) – When a book is printed after the book has been purchased. Usually POD allows you to order one book at a time, or in very small numbers.

Podcast – An electronic audio recording that can be posted and syndicated on your website or blog. MP3 is the most commonly recognized format.

Press Run The total number of copies of a publication printed at one time.

Prospect – Someone who may be interested in purchasing your product.

Punitive Damages– An award to a plaintiff beyond actual possible loss.

Pyrrhic– A two syllable foot consisting of two unstressed syllables.

QR Code (Quick Response Code) – Computer generated graphics that can be scanned with a barcode reader and programmed to return text, web urls, geo location, or SMS.

Quatrain– A four line stanza.

Query Letter– A letter written to an editor to raise interest in a proposed project.

RSS (Really Simple Syndication) – Automatically sends your post to whoever subscribes to the feed.

SAE– Self-addressed envelope.

SASE– Self-addressed stamped envelope.

Simile– An explicit comparison using the words “like” or “as”.

Slant Rhyme– Occurs when the sounds of words match up closely, but not exactly.

Spondee– A two syllable foot consisting of two stressed syllables.

Stanza– A unit in a poem, much like a paragraph.

Statute – A law passed by the legislative branch of a government.

Symbol An image that stands for something else.

Syntax– The flow and arrangement of words in sentences.

Tercet– A three line stanza.

Tetrameter– A meter consisting of four feet.

TIF– File extension for images. Usually used for print.

Trimeter– A meter consisting of three feet.

Trochee– A two syllable foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.

Understatement– The minimization of an idea or thought.

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Posted June 27, 2012 by Elizabeth Huff

3 responses to “Glossary

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  1. Pingback: Added to Glossary Page! « writingstruggles

  2. Okay, here’s my sonnet. I cobeinmd it with the which included stripping the visual form of the sonnet. But the iambic pentameter and the ending rhymes are there. Feedback = appreciated. ;o)naked sonnet of arrogance and gigglestoday i sketch in sun while two girls talkof dogs and catsof cars and how they runor dontmy pencil shadesmy mind does balkat hearing expletives my lips would shunthey gossipgiggling loud with shoulders barethe cling of halter tops to slender fleshtheir noses pierced and tattoos ev rywherehair riot colorslegs in stocking meshi with my pencil scribe a potted treethe kiss heaven hot upon my faceand theirsis grace bestowed by blind decree i askand pride departs without a tracei walk past one girlsmileand so does shea lovely daysun tattoos laughsand mecourtney weger cantrellmarch 29 2010

  3. The thing with stress vs sbllayle timing is that they run on a continuum, i.e. in a fully stress timed dialect, the unstressed words are compressed into an extremely tiny time interval between stressed sbllayles with the distance from stress to stress being held constant throughout the utterance. A completely sbllayle timed language has a precise, unchanging time interval between all sbllayles, and would be devoid of stress. Japanese is probably the closest to a full on sbllayle timed language in the world with the native dialects of English being the most strongly stress-timed (there is of course a fairly wide variation in stress timing within English dialects, the Central CT guy in a later post is almost 100% stresstimed for example).

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